Sofia Zoullas is 16 years old and lives in New York City. She attends the Chapin school as an 11th grader, and this past June she got to do something that most teenagers don’t get to experience; She participated in MMFC’s mission to Antigua, Guatemala as a junior volunteer, taking all of the pre-op and post-op photos and collecting stories of some of the children she met.

MMFC sends a mission to Antigua, Guatemala two times each year. On June 22-29, our team of volunteer doctors, nurses, and administrators returned for another week of cleft surgeries and dental care. By the end of the five operating days, the MMFC team had completed 34 cleft surgeries and provided dental care to 21 children.

dad and baby after

Thanks to the dedication and generosity of our volunteers, donors, and the Hermano Pedro Hospital in Antigua for opening its doors to us, these children received life-changing operations that they normally would not be able to afford. These are just a few of those children.

Juan Carlos Utuye

Juan Carlos is an 11-month old from Media Luna, about 5 hours away from Antigua. The youngest of four children, he was born with a bilateral cleft lip, and his mother brought him to MMFC’s mission with hopes of having it repaired. Juan Carlos’s mother heard about MMFC through an organization in the region that has an outreach program for children in need of cleft lip and/or cleft palate surgery. With his deformity, Juan Carlos required a lot of extra time and attention from his mother, who has three other children to care for. The surgery that Juan Carlos received was the first stage of his cleft lip repair; when it is complete, it will not only life-changing for him, but also life-changing for his entire family.

Santos Moises Lajpop

Santos is a 1 and a 1/2 year old boy, born with a unilateral cleft lip. He lives with his parents and four siblings in Momostenango, about 5 hours away from Antigua. After learning about MMFC at a local clinic, Santos came with his father to have his cleft lip repaired. Before he received surgery, Santos had a difficult time eating and as a result is malnourished – a common problem among children with cleft deformities. Now, with his lip fixed, he will live a much healthier and happier life.

Sebastian Aguilar

Sebastian is 6 months old and comes from Rincon de los Leones, about 5 hours away from Antigua. He is the youngest of four children. His mother heard about MMFC through the organization Asociación Compañero para la Cirugia, which advertises for us in local clinics. With his severe deformity, Sebastian would not have been able to live a normal life. He had trouble eating, and the local community blamed his mother for his cleft lip. Now his mother will be able to take better care of him and his siblings.

Esmeralda Bartolon

Esmerelda is 16 years old, and was born with a cleft lip and palate. She is one of ten children and just had her lip repaired two years ago. Her neighbor made the nearly 12-hour journey from Tacana with her this year to have her palate repaired, since her parents had to work and take care of her siblings. For the 14 years before her lip was repaired, Esmerelda never left her house – not even to go to school. She couldn’t speak well and was afraid of being teased for her deformity. Now that her palate has been repaired by the MMFC team, she is another step closer to having a more normal life. She now hopes to improve her speech through therapy.

Cusco, Peru is one of MMFC’s longest-running missions. This year, with Dr. Helen John-Kelly as the team leader, we returned from June 14th to 23rd with a 24 person team of doctors, nurses, speech pathologists, volunteers, and administrative staff, ready for a busy week of cleft, microtia, and dental surgeries.

By Saturday afternoon most of the team had arrived. With Cusco’s elevation being over 11,000 feet, altitude sickness is a big concern, so in order to avoid having any sick team members, Sunday is a day of rest on this mission, a low-key day to acclimate to the altitude.  Many team members went to the Sunday market in Pisac to get their souvenir shopping done early. With so many first-timers on this trip, there was a lot of nervousness and plenty of questions, but everyone was excited and anxious to get to work.

The team arrived at the EsSalud hospital on Monday full of energy and focus, and was welcomed by a lobby jam-packed with patients and their families waiting to be screened. This was screening day – always the most hectic day of the week on any mission, but especially so with such a large team. Thanks to careful planning and coordination with local staff, the team screened over 100 cleft, microtia, and dental patients in just a few hours, and by that evening MMFC had all of its cases scheduled for the rest of the week.

Patients on screening day

Ani and patient on screening dayORPost Op

Throughout the course of the four operating days, using two operating rooms, the MMFC team completed surgeries on 13 microtia patients, 16 cleft patients, and 25 dental patients. Those numbers did not come easily, though; the days were long (12-16 hours!) and exhausting. But thanks to everyone’s hard work, we were able to help many beautiful and deserving children.

Saul Quispe

Saul is a 12 year old boy who lives with his parents three hours outside of Cusco. He was born with moebius syndrome, a rare neurological disorder that causes facial paralysis. It’s hard to imagine what it would be like to not be able to form any facial expressions, which play a huge role in our daily interaction with the world around us. This year, our surgical team successfully completed a thigh muscle graft on Saul. This was the first of this type of surgery for MMFC, and the biggest reward is that now Saul can finally smile.

Rommel Cartagena

Cartagena BEFORECartagena AFTER

Rommel is two months old and lives with his parents in Anta, a town about an hour away from Cusco. When he was born, the doctor told his parents about MMFC’s annual Cusco mission and suggested they bring Rommel to repair his cleft lip. Our team operated on Rommel on Tuesday, and his parents were so thrilled with the result that they wanted Dr. John-Kelly to be their son’s godmother! Rommel’s father is a driver, and he even offered to drive our team around when we return next year. This is a terrific example of how MMFC’s commitment to its mission sites, and the fact that we return annually, allows local physicians to refer patients to us that could not otherwise afford a cleft surgery. They know from year to year when we will be returning and more important, that we will return.

Sebastian and Luciano Ripa

Ripa twins

Sebastian and Luciano are four-year-old twin brothers. They were both born with a cleft lip – one with a bilateral cleft and the other with a unilateral cleft – and they had both come to MMFC’s Cusco mission in prior years to have those repaired. This year, they returned to receive dental care and have palatal obturators fitted. No one likes going to the dentist, especially if it means having teeth pulled, but these two boys seemed to always be smiling. We love to see past patients return – especially when they have a smile on their face!

Cesar Paro

Cesar Paro

Cesar celebrated his 18th birthday while recovering from surgery to repair his primary microtia.

Zoraida Ima

Ima BEFOREIma AFTER

Zoraida, three months old, received surgery to repair her unilateral cleft lip.

Our mission to Cusco was a success once again, and it would not have been possible without so many different groups of people working together to make it happen – MMFC is extremely grateful to EsSalud for welcoming us into their facilities, to Edouard Ruelle and the Children of Peru Foundation for their generous sponsorship of the mission, to our wonderful local coordinators Ani Forsyth, Patty Galup, and Susana Mayer, and especially to this year’s team of extremely hard-working and dedicated volunteers.

Mary Beth Hagey is a docent for the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco and a board member of a private foundation awarding scholarships to students demonstrating outstanding service in their communities and academic excellence. For the past 25 years, Mary Beth has been an active volunteer for the local schools (room mother to PTA President), in her community (scout leader, coach and mentor), as well as on a global level (participated in and organized the AIDS Walk Africa for the Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation).  The “Greg Feldman, MD, Memorial Surgical Mission to Rwanda” is Mary Beth’s first trip with MMFC. 

Screening Day

Sunday, March 10, 2013

“Muraho, Odette.  May I take your photo?” all the while pantomiming with my camera.  My Kinyarwanda vocabulary is limited to a few pleasantries.  I needn’t have worried though.  Her infectious smile lights the room; words seem unnecessary.  The goiter on Odette’s neck resembles a lumpy grapefruit.  With the help of a local interpreter, I come to understand that Odette and her younger sister have walked for 3 days to Gitwe Hospital in hopes that she will be selected to have this life changing surgery performed by American doctors and nurses donating their time and skill with Medical Mission for Children.  She made this identical trek last year, but by the time she arrived, the schedule was already filled.  Her enthusiasm and gratitude are palpable.  Odette recounts her difficulty breathing when she carries her burdens on her head as well as when she sleeps.  Odette asks to see her “before” photo as I head for the door.  She wants to remember what she used to look like. Somehow I think she will be excited to see the “after” photo as well.

Odette, before

Odette, before

Odette, after

Odette, after

Surgery Day 1 – “Hitting Their Stride”

Monday, March 11, 2013

Today had fits of rain so intense that you might liken the downpours to being doused with a fire hose.  The power comes and goes, but the team is adept at rolling with the havoc mother nature wreaks…perhaps the most difficult to contend with is not in the OR, but back at the guest house where showering involves icy water in an inky stall after a walk home along the dusty path.  Despite the unpredictable weather, the team has hit its stride and each case proceeds with remarkable efficiency.  Doctors adapt to each situation/complication by tapping into their bank of experience and also knowing the depth of the professionals supporting them. The OR nurses anticipate the surgeons’ needs and the Post-Operative nurses are an incredible balance of professionalism and warm empathy. One patient that was vomiting after surgery necessitated a return visit to the hospital after the team had settled back into the guest house and eaten dinner.

Day 2 - 1 Day 2 - 2

A nice reminder of what an incredible impact MMFC has on the lives of the patients occurred today.  A beautiful Rwandan woman introduced herself to me.  She said that she had received an operation on her goiter at MMFC’s Rwanda mission in 2012.  She exclaimed that it was truly a miracle!  She was hopeful that the doctors might consider helping her with her arthritis.  Our mission is goiters so unfortunately this will not be possible, but it was wonderful to see a patient thriving twelve months later. Obviously the gratitude survives and lingers even after the team heads back to their practices in their home countries.

Immacule Mukandutiye, who returned a year later to show her gratitute to MMFC for the life-changing surgery she received in 2012

Immacule Mukandutiye, who returned a year later to show her gratitute to MMFC for the life-changing surgery she received in 2012

Surgery Day 3

Wednesday, March 13, 2013

There is quiet calmness to the start of day 4.  The team stayed up late into the night discussing a patient named Liliane after a return visit to the hospital.  Today’s schedule includes another very large goiter, although not as large as the previous day.  Many of the previous patients that had drains will be released today. There is much to celebrate today as patients head home and return to their families.  The surgeries just seem to click off at a sustained, even pace.  The patients go to the post-operative room and then head up to the wards.  The most angst today does not seem to be focused in the operating room, but rather in that breezeway where the patients have been waiting all week for their chance to have their name added to the surgery schedule.  Given our departure timing, it is apparent that we will be unable to operate on everyone. Dr. Dhingra does another pass through to prioritize the women and tighten up the schedule. Unfortunately, some that have been waiting will need to be turned away.  Naturally, some restrained emotions well up in the women that need to head home.  They have been given instructions on medications and ultrasounds and reminded to return next year for the mission in 2014.

A treat awaits the team tonight… Our in-country partner, Vianney, has graciously arranged a brisk hike to his family home here in Gitwe and a delicious Rwandan barbecue dinner.  The team gathers around the fire in the courtyard and listens as the young neighborhood children serenade us.  We head home and hit the sack… it’s a 5:30am breakfast and back to the hospital.

Day 4

DSC_1752

Surgery Days 4 and 5

Thursday, March 14 and Friday, March 15, 2013

Music is a large part of these next few days.  We’ve been serenaded by the small school children around a fire.  We’ve heard locals harmonizing in halls and churches on our walk back to the guesthouse and the faint sounds of the Beatles can be heard when entering the operating room.  Spirits are high. We are over the hump.  The first patient is prepped and in the OR by 6:30am. There is a sense of familiarity and camaraderie among professionals now.  A minor hiccup comes after lunch, when one of the patients exhibits signs of hypertension.  They decide to cancel her surgery and one more name to the schedule. Being flexible is critical to our success.

The upbeat, almost festive mood carries over to dinner.  The team is energized by the impact they have made in a short amount of time.

Friday is our last day of surgery with two straightforward cases.  The doctors and nurses complete their mission and discharge all but Liliane and the last two patients. Now it’s time to take apart the operating and recovery rooms.  It’s bittersweet as we pack it all in the bus and head to Kigali. We will scatter back to the places we all call home (SF Bay Area, New York, Boston and Washington, DC) richer for having had this experience. Murakoze, Rwanda!

By the end of the last surgery day, the team had finished 25 goiter cases. One of those patients was Liliane, a slim, attractive 38 year old Rwandan with clear skin and close cropped hair.  When you first meet Liliane you can’t help but feel overwhelmed by the enormous goiter that has taken over her neck and wraps up the side of her face to her ear.  Liliane’s goiter will prove to be the most complicated and challenging surgery of the mission here in Rwanda. She will be in surgery all day and spend the night with a doctor on vigil in the recovery room.  She will be the last MMFC patient discharged from Gitwe.

Liliane

It was sheer luck that Liliane made her way to Gitwe this year.  If not for the fact that she has a friend with a goiter who heard about the American doctors coming to Gitwe to donate their services from an employee of Gitwe, Liliane would have been unaware of this unique opportunity and forced to continue to live with this honey dew melon sized growth on her neck and face.  As it was, Liliane has seven children at home and walked 6 hours to Gitwe.  While all of the operations performed by the doctors here are life altering, Liliane’s change in appearance is the most dramatic.  Despite the pain associated with the recovery, her gratitude is deep and authentic.

In addition to the incredible marathon performance by the doctors and nurses in the OR, I’d also like to highlight the incredible compassion and care given to Liliane by the recovery room nurses.  A couple days after her operation, Liliane was back in the post-op room for observation and care.  This was rough going for sure…as much as she wanted to mask the pain she was in, even the casual observer recognized that wince.  The two nurses knew she was in need of a boost.  One went to her secret stash and pulled out a brand new pair of fuchsia and blue flip flops and slid them on her feet.  She tucked her old, worn-out ones in a canvas tote that she filled with socks and a “Race for Survival” t-shirt.  She slid three red, white and blue beaded bracelets on her arm to accompany the hospital one she got when she was admitted.  She embraced her shoulders and let her know she understood that this was difficult. The exchange was touching and just what Liliane needed.

Another patient treated was Joseph, who was hard to miss in the sea of women waiting to be examined.  Although he is 18 years old, he emits an aura of youthful innocence.  His slight frame reinforces the notion that he is younger than his years suggest.  His openness and his understanding of the English language allow a playful banter between doctor and patient.  Dr. Dhingra teases Joseph about the female patients having been very brave and stoic when it came to accepting injections in their neck without so much as a flinch.  Joseph carried the burden of proving that the men could also tolerate this somewhat scary needle coming at their neck! If this was not enough pain to endure, Joseph had been clearing the land with a machete a couple days before and had accidentally whacked his knee open and needed a tetanus shot as well.

I met Joseph’s mother in the recovery room as well as later on the ward.  She was anxious to tell me that Joseph was a diligent student. She kept repeating ‘murakoze’ or ‘thank you’ for the surgery and care Joseph received.  We will miss that disarming smile and bravado!

Joseph

Rwanda is known fondly as the Land of a Thousand Hills and a Million Smiles.  Let’s continue with that theme and consider the 2013 MMFC Rwanda “by the numbers.”

The mission included:

  • 13 health care professionals from 3 US states and the District of Columbia as well as one local Rwandan
    • 2 surgeons and 2 surgical residents
    • 2 anesthesiologists and 2 anesthesiologist residents
    • 2 surgical techs
    • 1 operating room nurse circulator
    • 2 post anesthesia recovery room nurse practitioners
  • 1 in-country partner
  • 1 MMFC alumni Ob/Gyn
  • 2 local translators
  • 1 administrator
  • 44 pieces of luggage carrying supplies and equipment traveled across 10 time zones and over 9,400 miles as the crow flies
    • 1 lost preppy pink suitcase finally surfaced after 3 days time and finally made its way to Gitwe
    • 1 very happy team member after its arrival
  • 1 tire blew out traveling from Kigali to Gitwe
  • 25 life-altering surgeries were performed on:
    • 24 women and 1 young man
  • 71 years old was the oldest patient
  • 17 years old was the youngest patient
  • >850 grams was the largest goiter removed
  • 7 hours and 10 minutes was the longest time spent in the operating room (surgery time was shorter)
  • 50 minutes was the shortest time spent in the operating room
  • 3 days walking was the longest distance traveled by a patient to have this surgery performed
  • 1 hugely inspirational human spirit for whom this mission is dedicated – Dr. Greg Feldman.  Numbers seem insufficient in quantifying the lasting impact Greg had on MMFC, the doctors and nurses, the patients, and the community of Gitwe.  Not unlike the red dusty earth of Rwanda that found it’s way under our skin, between our toes and permanently enmeshed in our clothes, so too has Greg’s spirit.  Each morning as we crossed the threshold of Gitwe Hospital we passed his memorial tree – one that has taken root and is thriving. We felt his presence each day and were grateful for the reminder and inspiration to be the best version of our selves. Peace and Murakoze, Greg!

DSC_1716

In January, Dr. Noah Siegel led a 23-member volunteer team to work at the Hermano Pedro Hospital in Antigua, Guatemala. This experienced and highly skilled team ran four operating rooms for five days completing 65 surgical procedures in total, including 37 cleft lips and palates, 24 microtia surgeries and 4 other procedures. The MMFC dental team provided dental care to 65 patients. Over 200 children were screened in preparation for and during the mission.  Special thanks to our outstanding in-country team: Dr.Guillermo Gaitan, Padre, Odra and Anabela. It is a privilege to work with you every year on behalf of the children in Guatemala who would otherwise have no access to this medical care. Finally, a shout out to Terry Calvillo, Bethany Anderson, RN, Natalie Harris, RN and Xiomara who worked together to ensure that all of MMFC’s equipment and supplies reached their destination prior to the start of the mission – no small feat!

Image

Image

Dr. Siegel, all of us at MMFC and most particularly, the children and families of Guatemala who so desperately needed our surgical intervention – and who now have an opportunity to live healthy and dignified lives, want to express our sincere gratitude to the Lefkofsky Family Foundation for sponsoring this mission. The reverberations from your commitment and generosity will affect generations to come, and our respect cannot be overstated.

G 6

G 5

Until 2014.

Adelle Franchek interned with MMFC during her last semester at Lesley University in Cambridge, MA during the fall 2012. She assisted in coordinating logistics for our medical and dental missions. Her internship with MMFC culminated in her participation in the February 2013 surgical mission to Batangas, Philippines led by Dr. David Kaufman. Here are Adelle’s observations and stories.

Sunday, February 10, 2013: Screening Day

Screening Day at Taal Polymedic Hospital and Medical Center began in the afternoon after the MMFC staff arrived in Taal, Batangas.  Dr. Eric Tenorio welcomed us into his medical center along with the rest of the Taal Polymedic staff.  The screening room was filled with about 40 patients and their family members.

The screening process for the patients and their families involved meeting with the doctors and nurses who examined the patients.  The parents were given documentation about cleft lip and palate and during the consultations the parents received information about pre- and post-operative details.

The patients ranged in ages from infancy to young adulthood.

Monday, February 11, 2013: Surgical Day #1

Tristan before 2

The first surgical day began with patient Tristan, age four with a weight of 11kg.  His parents, Ruby and Edwardo shared Tristan’s story while he was undergoing his procedure.  The family lives in the village of San Piro, Balayan, which is located in the province of Batangas.  Edwardo works as a construction laborer.  In order to get to Taal Polymedic for Tristan’s surgery the family had to travel by tricycle to a bus station and then take a two hour bus ride into Taal.  Thanks to the wonderful nursing team at Taal Polymedic and the MMFC staff Tristen had his cleft lip corrected.  His parents are truly grateful to the doctors and nurses and look forward to seeing Tristen’s lip correction.

Laurel Miggy before

Laurel Miggy after (2)

This is Loudes Miggy (M).  He is two years of age and had a cleft palate before undergoing a reconstructive procedure at Taal Polymedic.  In order to reach Taal Polymedic, Lourdes and his parents, Jincki and Kenneth, had to travel by tricycle and Jeepne from their home of Balebe, Batangas.  Kenneth works as a barber in Balebe and both he and Jincki are very grateful to the Taal Polymedic and MMFC team for providing their son with the reconstructive surgery that will improve Lourdes’ quality of life.  This surgery was a great success and the MMFC team did a wonderful job providing expert care to this little boy.

Tuesday, February 11, 2013: Surgical Day #2

Vince Archie after

Vince Archie came to Taal Polymedic last year during the MMFC medical mission in order to get his cleft lip repaired.  Vince Archie also had a cleft palate which was not able to be corrected at that time.  We are very pleased to see Vince Archie again this year, when he returned to have a procedure to correcthis cleft palate.  MMFC loves to see patients return in order to get all of the life-changing procedures that they need.  Vince Archie’s mother told us that Vince Archie has been doing quite well since last year and is thankful to those at MMFC who allow for Vince Archie to return and receive this second procedure.  The MMFC team was happy to see Vince Archie return and now both cleft deformities have been successfully corrected.

Jaypee DastasJaypee family post-op

This is Jaypee.  He has undergone both a cleft palate and lip surgery during this MMFC mission.  Jaypee and his family are very grateful to have this surgery because before this time he couldn’t go to school because he was teased by his classmates due to his condition.  Prior to this surgery Jaypee would help his father, Lazaro, work the sugar cane fields as well as helping his mother, Josephine, tend to his younger siblings.  Jaypee and his family travelled eight kilometers to come to Taal Polymedic for the corrective surgery for his cleft lip and palate.  Now that his lip and palate have been corrected Jaypee will consider going back to school and continue his education.  This surgery was life changing for both Jaypee and his entire family because it will provide Jaypee with new opportunities.

Thursday, February 14, 2013

Today marks the end of a truly wonderful and successful mission.  It was a very busy day, with 5 surgeries, two lip and three palate, as well as four obturator cases to follow.  In total the team completed 24 surgeries.  All of outcomes were great and will surely lead to beautiful smiles for all the children who underwent a procedure.

John

Today was a uniquely special day because it also marked the final surgery and mission for longtime volunteer (and board member), Dr. John Pook.  Although this was a bittersweet time the team worked well and everyone enjoyed working alongside Dr. Pook.  After his last and final case the MMFC and Taal Polymedic team surprised Dr. Pook with a cake.  Immediately following the presentation of a cake to Dr. Pook, the entire MMFC team was surprised by all of the patients and their families who warmly thanked them for their time and services this past week.  It was a very joyous time and many pictures were taken.  It was the perfect culmination to a wonderful mission which will hopefully occur each and every year for many years to come.  The MMFC team thanks Taal Polymedic and the doctors and hosts who helped to coordinate this very successful mission.

In November 2012, Dr. Arnold Lee and Dr. Pratik Pradhan led a 13 member volunteer medical team from the US and the UK. The team performed 40 surgical procedures during 4 surgical days at the Eastern Visayas Regional Medical Center. Our gratitude to each and every team member – you were a stellar team in every respect.  We would also like to thank Dr. Rhiza Valdez and the Maharlika Foundation for coordinating this mission in-country and for partnering with MMFC to provide much needed cleft surgeries in the Philippines.

Leyte 1

We are also extremely grateful to the mission sponsors whose generosity made this mission possible: Nanci Gilmore, Brian Greene, Johnson & Johnson, Efstathia Mihelis; and the very special employees at ENT Specialists, Inc. We would also like to give a special shout out to Dr. John Pook and BMI Healthcare UK for the support they provide to MMFC from “across the pond.”  The UK based NursingTimes.net published this article highlighting team member Ellen Paniamogan’s participation on the mission which brought her back to her homeland.

photo (3)
Leyte Team 2

And as always, we left our hearts and best wishes with the children, their families and the wonderful hospital staff  – until we see you again in November 2013!

Leyte
Leyte 3

In October 2012 Dr. Rafael Barrera and his 24 member volunteer team traveled to Quito Ecuador. This incredible volunteer team screened over 180 patients and performed over 100 surgeries in five days at the Hospital un Canto a la Vida: 35 lip and palate cases, 35 dental procedures under general anesthesia and 40 scar revisions. Many of the children traveled by canoe and horseback from the southern basin of the Amazon to Quito in hopes of being able to receive surgery. Our many thanks to our local coordinator Mary Kay Barrera for her hard word year round to pull this mission off. It could not happen without her! MMFC is also grateful to our dedicated sponsors and mission supporters: NSLIJ – Long Island Jewish Medical Center; Mr. Fuad Dassum; Mr. Pedro Alvarez; Mrs. Susana Alvarez; Mr. Alberto Rosales; Claudio Crespo, Patricia Jarrin; and Leonidas Naranjo.

This year we also had some wonderful translators, and our thanks goes to Bernardo Viteri, Matias Viteri, Margarita Barrera, Estefania Castro, Diego R. Barrera, Miguel Andrade, Maria Paula Rivadeneira. Together, this group of talented and generous people worked together to help so many Ecuador children in need – a true testament to teamwork.

2012 Quito Before2012 Quito After

The MMFC Dental team also did a superb job in providing care to 35 severely disabled children by putting each of them under general anesthesia so they could receive care. Many of these children suffered from severe autism, seizure disorders and cerebral palsy and had not had any prior dental care. This project grew out of an incredible need, the support and advocacy of Helpers of the Mentally Retarded (a San Francisco California nonprofit) and MMFC dental volunteers eager to take on this challenge. MMFC intends to provide this care on as many of its missions as possible.

Dental Quito

All photographs were taken by team member Roberta Anslow.

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